Skip to main content

WMSLayer (Experimental)

from v8.9

This class is experimental, which means it does not provide the compatibility and stability that one would typically expect from other layers, detailed in the limitations section. Use with caution and report any issues that you find on GitHub.

The WMSLayer is a composite layer that connects with an image service that can render map images optimized for the current view. Instead of loading a detailed map image covering the entire globe, an image is rendered.

In contrast to the TileLayer which loads many small image tiles, the WMSLayer loads a single image that covers the entire viewport in one single request, and updates the image by performing additional requests when the viewport changes.

To use this layer, an image source must be specified. Image sources are specified by supplying a URL to the WMSLayer data property. See the section on image sources below for mor information.

import {Deck} from '';
import {_WMSLayer as WMSLayer} from '';

const layer = new WMSLayer({
data: '',
serviceType: 'wms',
layers: ['OSM-WMS']

new Deck({
initialViewState: {
longitude: -122.4,
latitude: 37.74,
zoom: 9
controller: true,
layers: [layer]


To install the dependencies from NPM:

npm install
# or
npm install
import {_WMSLayer as WMSLayer} from '';
import type {WMSLayerProps} from '';

new WMSLayer(...props: WMSLayerProps[]);

To use pre-bundled scripts:

<script src="^9.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<!-- or -->
<script src="^9.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<script src="^9.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<script src="^9.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
new deck._WMSLayer({});

Image Sources

The WMSLayer needs a URL to an image source from which it can start loading map images. The WMSLayer knows how to build URLs for geospatial image services such as WMS.

However, it is also possible to connect the WMSLayer to any other REST based service that can render map images from a set of web mercator bounds and a given pixel resolution (perhaps an ArcGIS image server) by specify a custom URL template.

Note that additional features, such as metadata loading, is only supported for known image services, which currently only includes WMS.


Image servers such as WMS can render different layers. Typically as list of layers must be specified, otherwise requests for map images will fail. For WMS services, this is controlled by layers. For other services, layers (if required by that service) can be specified in the template URL, either as a parameter or as a hard-coded part of the template string.

Image Service Metadata

Image services like WMS can often provide metadata (aka capabilities) about the service, listing;

  • attribution information,
  • available layers
  • additional capabilities (pixel/neighborhood queries, legend generation etc).

The WMSLayer will automatically attempt to query metadata for known service types (currently WMS).

Template URLs only cover image requests and there is no support for providing a custom URL for the metadata queries. This needs to be handled by the application for non-WMS services.


WMS services sometimes provide a mechanism to query a specific pixel. This is supported through the getFeatureInfoText() method on the WMSLayer



This is a method on the layer that can be called to retrieve additional information from the image service about the map near the specified pixel.


  • x (number) - The x component of the pixel in the image
  • y (number) - The y component of the pixel in the image


  • Promise<string> - Resolves to a string containing additional information about the map around the provided pixel


Inherits all properties from base Layer.

Data Options

data (string)

A base URL to a well-known service type, or a full URL template from which the map images should be loaded.

If serviceType is set to 'template', data is expected to be a URL template. The template may contain the following substrings, which will be replaced with a viewport's actual bounds and size at request time:

  • {east}
  • {north}
  • {west}
  • {south}
  • {width}
  • {height}
  • {layers} - replaced with a string built from the content of layers. The array of layer name strings will be joined by commas (,) into a single string.

serviceType (string, optional)

  • Default: 'auto'

Specifies the type of service at the URL supplied in data. Currently accepts either 'wms' or 'template'. The default 'auto' setting will try to autodetect service from the URL.

layers (string[], optional)

  • Default: []

Specifies names of layers that should be visualized from the image service.

Note that WMS services will typically not display anything unless at least one valid layer name is provided.

srs (string, optional)

  • Default: 'auto'

Spatial Reference System for map output, used to query image from the server. Can be one of EPSG:4326', 'EPSG:3857' or 'auto'.

If 'auto', the layer will request EPSG:3857 in MapView, and EPSG:4326 otherwise. Note that a particular SRS may not be supported by your image server.


onMetadataLoad (Function, optional)

onMetadataLoad called when the metadata of the image source successfully loads.

  • Default: metadata => {}

Receives arguments:

  • metadata (object) - The metadata for the image services has been loaded.

Note that metadata will not be loaded when serviceType is set to 'template.

onMetadataLoadError (Function, optional)

onMetadataLoadError called when metadata failed to load.

  • Default: console.error

Receives arguments:

  • error (Error)

onImageLoadStart (Function, optional)

onImageLoadStart is a function that is called when the WMSLayer starts loading metadata after a new image source has been specified.

  • Default: data => null

Receives arguments:

  • requestId (number) - Allows tracking of specific requests

onImageLoad (Function, optional)

onImageLoad called when an image successfully loads.

  • Default: () => {}

Receives arguments:

  • requestId (number) - Allows tracking of specific requests

onImageLoadError (Function, optional)

onImageLoadError called when an image failed to load.

  • Default: console.error

Receives arguments:

  • requestId (number) - Allows tracking of specific requests
  • error (Error)


  • Each instance of the WMSLayer only supports being rendered in one view. See rendering layers in multiple views for a workaround.
  • This layer currently does not work well with perspective views (i.e. pitch>0).
  • This layer does not work with non-geospatial views such as the OrthographicView or the OrbitView.