Chevron DownAPI Reference



The TerrainLayer reconstructs mesh surfaces from height map images, e.g. Mapzen Terrain Tiles, which encodes elevation into R,G,B values.

When elevationData is supplied with a URL template, i.e. a string containing '{x}' and '{y}', it loads terrain tiles on demand using a TileLayer and renders a mesh for each tile. If elevationData is an absolute URL, a single mesh is used, and the bounds prop is required to position it into the world space.

import DeckGL from '';
import {TerrainLayer} from '';

function App({viewState}) {
  const layer = new TerrainLayer({
    elevationDecoder: {
      rScaler: 2,
      gScaler: 0,
      bScaler: 0,
      offset: 0
    // Digital elevation model from
    elevationData: '',
    texture: '',
    bounds: [-122.5233, 37.6493, -122.3566, 37.8159],

  return <DeckGL viewState={viewState} layers={[layer]} />;


To install the dependencies from NPM:

npm install
# or
npm install
import {TerrainLayer} from '';
new TerrainLayer({});

To use pre-bundled scripts:

<script src="^8.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<!-- or -->
<script src="^8.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<script src="^8.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
<script src="^8.0.0/dist.min.js"></script>
new deck.TerrainLayer({});


When in Tiled Mode, inherits from all TileLayer properties. Forwards wireframe property to SimpleMeshLayer.

Data Options

elevationData (String|Array, required)

Image URL that encodes height data.

  • If the value is a valid URL, this layer will render a single mesh.
  • If the value is a string, and contains substrings {x} and {y}, it is considered a URL template. This layer will render a TileLayer of meshes. {x} {y} and {z} will be replaced with a tile's actual index when it is requested.
  • If the value is an array: multiple URL templates. See TileLayer's data prop documentation for use cases.
texture (String|Null, optional)

Image URL to use as the surface texture. Same schema as elevationData.

  • Default: null
meshMaxError (Number, optional)

Martini error tolerance in meters, smaller number results in more detailed mesh..

  • Default: 4.0
elevationDecoder (Object)

Parameters used to convert a pixel to elevation in meters. An object containing the following fields:

  • rScaler: Multiplier of the red channel.
  • gScaler: Multiplier of the green channel.
  • bScaler: Multiplier of the blue channel.
  • offset: Translation of the sum.

Each color channel (r, g, and b) is a number between [0, 255].

For example, the Mapbox terrain service's elevation is encoded as follows:

height = -10000 + ((R * 256 * 256 + G * 256 + B) * 0.1)

The corresponding elevationDecoder is:

  "rScaler": 6553.6,
  "gScaler": 25.6,
  "bScaler": 0.1,
  "offset": -10000

The default value of elevationDecoder decodes a grayscale image:

  "rScaler": 1,
  "gScaler": 0,
  "bScaler": 0,
  "offset": 0
bounds (Array, optional)

Bounds of the image to fit x,y coordinates into. In [left, bottom, right, top]. left and right refers to the world longitude/x at the corresponding side of the image. top and bottom refers to the world latitude/y at the corresponding side of the image.

Must be supplied when using non-tiled elevation data.

  • Default: null
workerUrl (String, optional)

Advanced Supply url to local terrain worker bundle. By default, it points to the latest published NPM module on Custom workerUrl may be desirable if the application wishes to serve the worker code itself without relying on the CDN. The worker bundle can be located locally in "node_modules/".

Set workerUrl to an empty string to disable worker during debugging (improves error messages).

  • Default: null
loadOptions (Object, optional)

On top of the default options, also accepts options for the following loaders:

Render Options

color (Color, optional)

Color to use if texture is unavailable. Forwarded to SimpleMeshLayer's getColor prop.

  • Default: [255, 255, 255]
wireframe (Boolean, optional)

Forwarded to SimpleMeshLayer's wireframe prop.

  • Default: false
material (Object, optional)

Forwarded to SimpleMeshLayer's material prop.

  • Default: true

Sub Layers

The TerrainLayer renders the following sublayers:

  • tiles - a TileLayer. Only rendered if elevationData is a URL template.
  • mesh - a SimpleMeshLayer rendering the terrain mesh.